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The Torre do Bugio is a fortified light house that stands in the centre of the Tejo estuary. The fort was constructed in the 16th century to protect Lisbon’s harbours from North African raiding forces. Today the Torre do Bugio is equally as important as a lighthouse, warning shipping of the large sand bar island that lies below the water line. The monument is not open to the public but can be clearly seen from the Cascais-Estoril coastline.
The solid stone walls of the Torre do Bugio make a perfect circular doughnut surrounding the tall single tower. The whole complex was constructed in the Renaissance fortification style with the circular design offering improved coverage of artillery fire. The unique doughnut shape of the fort provided also provided resistance to the constant shifting sand bar caused by river and tidal forces.
TheTorre do Bugio in the winter storms
The entire fort complex is called the Forte de Sao Lourenço do Bugio which is situated on the Cabeça Seca sand bar but the site is commonly just referred as the Torre do Bugio which is the lone tower at the heart of the fort. The Forte de Sao Lourenço do Bugio is managed by the Portuguese government and is not open to visitors but can be easily seen from the Lisbon-Cascais coastline.
The original strategic idea of the Torre do Bugio was to create a crossfire situation against invading ships and prevent landing close to Lisbon. The initial structure, built in 1570, was constructed of wood but due to the shifting sandbars was not practical. In 1585 Lisbon was under a constant threat from raiding pirates and a more substantial stone structure was constructed. The Torre do Bugio was constructed in unison with the Sao Julião da Barra fort (on the north bank of the Tagus Estuary) and both forts could fire on ships entering the Tagus estuary.
The Torre do Bugio was constructed to support the Torre Belém which was located at the mouth of the Tagus estuary. The Torre do Bugio was constructed to be functional and is not as decorative as the small fort in Belém. The Torre do Bugio was significantly damaged during the 1755 earthquake and once rebuilt the purpose was transformed into a lighthouse primary over as a defensive position. The entire complex is managed by the government is not open to visitors but can be easily seen from the Lisbon-Cascais coastline.